The FTA means:
- Duty-free access for high quality beef (Choice & Prime) with unlimited volumes, duty-free tariff rate quota for standard beef and separately beef offal, with annual increase in TRQ volumes
- From 80 percent, over-quota duties fall immediately to 50 percent and to zero over 10 years
- $25-30 million in additional exports by year 10 (2010 exports valued at $1.9 million)
- Beef Tariff Schedule
2010 U.S. pork and variety meat exports to Colombia totaled $18 million. They could more than double with the FTA, surpassing $36 million by 2016. 2011 exports jumped to $29 million, prior to FTA implementation.
The FTA means:
- Elimination of the price band system except in cases where the applied duty is less than the rate in the U.S.-Colombia FTA.
|Note that in 2011, the applied duty for HS 0203 pork was zero for much of the year, due partially to high U.S. pork prices.|
- In 2012, the applied duty is 14 percent, thus higher than last year but lower than the 24 percent included in the U.S.-Colombia tariff schedule.
- Duties start at 30 percent, and are reduced to zero over five years.
- Some frozen offal as well as high-fat trimmings, belly fat and bacon fat have immediate duty-free access.
- Variety meat exports under chapter 5 (including frozen intestines) benefit from a duty-free TRQ, starting at 4,642 metric tons.
As a main competitor to the United States, Chile has benefited from a trade agreement with Colombia, with duty-free access for its pork exports to Colombia:
- In 2009, Chile moved ahead of the U.S. as the top supplier of pork and pork variety meat to Colombia, followed by the U.S. and Canada.
- In 2011 the U.S. regained its leading position as the top pork supplier to Colombia.
- Canada also has an FTA with Colombia, implemented August 15, 2011. Canada has a TRQ of 5,150 MT (for the current quota year through July 31, 2012) with in-quota imports facing a 16 percent duty but they can also apply the lower rate of 14 percent.
- The U.S.-Colombia FTA will help the U.S. expand its dominant market share of Colombia’s $62.4 million pork market and capitalize on future growth.
- Pork Tariff Schedule