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African Swine Fever in the Philippines

In early September 2019, the Philippine Department of Agriculture confirmed African swine fever (ASF) as the cause of some of the recent swine deaths the agency had been investigating over the previous three to four weeks.

The Philippines is a large importer of pork and pork variety, but also has a sizable domestic industry. USDA estimates Philippine pork production in 2019 to be about 1.6 million metric tons and the country is about 84% self-sufficient. The Philippines’ pork/pork variety meat imports in the first half of 2019 were down 7% from last year’s record pace to 159,418 metric tons, mainly reflecting smaller volumes from Canada.

In early October 2019, an update from the Philippine Department of Agriculture indicated that about 12,000 pigs in 20 separate villages have tested positive for ASF, with the number of dead and culled pigs reaching 36,000.

By mid-October 2019, live hog prices in the Philippines had fallen 20% to 30% in the two months since ASF was confirmed, according to the Pork Producers Federation of the Philippines. Pork prices in wet markets have remained fairly stable while poultry prices are trending higher.