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African Swine Fever in the Philippines

In early September 2019, the Philippine Department of Agriculture confirmed African swine fever (ASF) as the cause of some of the recent swine deaths the agency had been investigating over the previous three to four weeks.

The Philippines is a large importer of pork and pork variety, but also has a sizable domestic industry. USDA estimates Philippine pork production in 2019 to be about 1.6 million metric tons and the country is about 84% self-sufficient. The Philippines’ January-October pork/pork variety meat imports were down 12% from last year’s record pace to just under 260,000 metric tons. Imports from Germany have been suspended due to a finding of Polish pork commingled with German pork. Before the suspension, Germany was the market’s second-largest supplier behind Spain, though 70% of the Philippines’ imports of German pork were variety meat.

Through mid-December 2019, 35 separate ASF outbreaks had been confirmed in the Philippines, with the number of dead and culled pigs reaching nearly 150,000.